All these flowers were seen in woods along the Marl Pond Trail on Saturday, May 14, 2016. Some of them do not flower until the end of May in a normal season.

Dewberry or trailing raspberry, Rubus pubescens.

 Bracted honeysuckle, Lonicera involucrata. Note the twin yellow flowers on this medium-high shrub and watch for the even more colourful fruits coming later.

    A photogenic favourite, marsh marigold, Caltha palustris, usually has its feet in water at this time of year.

Woodland strawberry, Fragaria vesca, has bright green leaves and is more delicate-looking than the common wild strawberry (F. virginiana) that you see in more open areas.




Arrow-leaved coltsfoot, Petasites frigidus var. sagittatus, a very early-flowering species found in wet ground.

The currants and gooseberries are early-flowering species. This is northern black currant, Ribes hudsonianum.

 American black currant, Ribes americanum, is among the showiest of our black currants with drooping clusters of yellow flowers.  

Moschatel, Adoxa moschatellina, is a low, patch-forming plant with greenish flowers in a tight cluster facing in different directions; it appears in early spring before the leaf canopy develops fully and disappears by summer.


Note: only the American black currant and Moschatel pictures were not taken on May 14th; however, like the other plants, they were also seen in bloom during this spring clean-up day.

 Northern comandra, Geocaulon lividum, has greenish yellow flowers that you have to look carefully for. Its orange fruits, in June or July, are easier to spot.

Sedges, grass-like plants, are plentiful and ecologically important in Wagner Natural Area. They flower early, but are mostly overlooked because their tiny green flowers are not conspicuous. In flower before and after mid-May are:
                   Sheathed sedge, Carex vaginata 

                    Beautiful sedge, Carex concinna 

Two-seeded sedge, Carex disperma